7 Common Holy Communion Abuses

Do You Commit One Of Theses 7 Common
Holy Communion Profanations

A Letter from The Cathedral Rector by Very Rev. Fr. John Lankeit, Rector, Ss. Simon & Jude Cathedral Phoenix, AZ January 30, 2011 to his parishioners.

Dear Parishioners,

I want to thank all of you who have recently started receiving Holy Communion on the tongue, not to mention those of you who already had been. This subject has generated a lot of buzz over the past few weeks, the vast majority of which has been overwhelmingly positive.

While my main objective in encouraging reception on the tongue is to deepen appreciation for the Eucharist, I also have a pastoral responsibility to eliminate abuses common to receiving in the hand. Such abuses are no doubt unintentional. Nevertheless, what I witness troubles me. And I’m not alone.

In 2004, responding to the problem of Eucharistic profanation, the Vatican’s Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacrament released an official instruction entitled REDEMPTIONIS SACRAMENTUS: On certain matters to be observed or to be avoided regarding the Most Holy Eucharist. Regarding Holy Communion the document states:

“[S]pecial care should be taken to ensure that the host is consumed by the communicant in the presence of the minister, so that no one goes away carrying the Eucharistic species in his hand. If there is a risk of profanation, then Holy Communion should not be given in the hand to the faithful.” (Paragraph 92)

Here are 7 common Holy Communion profanations that I see all too frequently:

  • Blessing oneself with the host before consuming it. (The act of blessing with the Eucharist is called “Benediction” and is reserved to clergy).
  • Receiving the host in the palm of the hand, contorting that same hand until the host is controlled by the fingers, then consuming it (resembling a one-handed “watch-the-coin-disappear” magic trick).
  • Popping the host into the mouth like a piece of popcorn.
  • Attempting to receive with other items in the hands, like a dirty Kleenex or a Rosary.
  • Receiving the host with dirty hands.
  • Receiving the host, closing the hand around it, then letting the hand fall to the side (as if carrying a suitcase) while walking away and/or blessing oneself with the other hand.
  • Walking away without consuming the host.
  • Giving the host to someone else after receiving (including animals)… yes, it happens!

 

We would never treat a piece of GOLD with the same casualness – especially in this economy! Yet many treat the Eucharist “piece” of GOD with casualness at best, indifference and irreverence at worst. Of course, much abuse is due to ignorance, owing to poor catechesis, which is precisely why I have written about this issue for four consecutive weeks.

Yet we have another great incentive…

When Holy Communion is received on the tongue… every single one of these abuses is instantly eliminated!
The way we treat another person says more about our relationship with that person than any words we might say. This is especially true of our relationship with the Divine Person, Jesus Christ. So let us continually seek to increase our reverence for our Eucharistic Savior, and to eliminate anything that degrades the respect He deserves.

God’s Blessings…
my prayers…

Rev. Fr. John Lankeit,
Rector, Ss. Simon & Jude Cathedral
Phoenix, AZ

_________

What Holy Communion abuses have you witnessed?  Leave a comment on the site.

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53 comments to 7 Common Holy Communion Abuses

  • Marion

    I use Wet Ones antibacterial hand wipes before receiving communion on my hands.

  • Bill

    However, it is impossible to distribute communion directly to the mouth without also spreading many contagious illnesses. As a matter of perspective, standard food safety protocols call for anyone who is handling food in a commercial environment to wash his hands if he as much as touches his hair or his face and, obviously, if he puts a hand to his eyes, nose or mouth. Even if the priest’s fingers never touch the tongue of the recipient, the inevitable exhalation from the recipient will spread any infectious vectors present in the recipient to the priest’s fingers and then to the remaining hosts.

    A response to this argument is that the contamination is so minimal that it poses no risk. But the norovirus, for example, can be transmitted by only 20 virus particles, entirely possible when distributing communion directly to the mouth. (Some research suggests as little as five particles are needed for infection.). For some people, such an infection can have serious consequences ranging from long-lasting GI system disfunction to death.

    It seems to me that there is a moral obligation to protect the physical well-being of others. The practice of direct to the mouth distribution risks the health of precisely the most vulnerable members of the church including the elderly, those already weakened by disease or treatment of a disease, and those with auto-immune disorders (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and chronic fatigue syndrom).

  • gallagher

    Just bring back the altar rails so that all but those who are physically unable receive the Blessed Sacrament, 1. kneeling, and 2. on the tongue.

    And while we’re at it, why not actually attempt to listen to the sage advice and request of the Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Cardinal Sarah, and have our parish priests return to the proper manner in which to offer the Son of God, Our Lord Jesus Christ to the Father — ad orientem, rather than nearly totally ignoring him (Cardinal Sarah) like we are doing now.

    The good Cardinal is trying, very gently and patiently, to teach the rebellious and proud children.

    Bring back the rails. Kneel in front of the Real Presence of Our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. Receive Him then and there on the tongue and thank God for his kindness and mercy and love and forgiveness.

    The “new church” is a proud and often times very silly church. Because we lack humility and are full of self-glorification.

    We need to listen to and follow the advice of Cardinal Sarah. Reform the reform. Will we learn the humility necessary for such action? Hail Mary, full of grace …. let us hope and pray that we do.

  • Stephanie

    The Lord still expects women to cover their heads in church. The press declared women no longer had to wear a covering on their head. Because of “the women’s liberation movement”, I believe when the Cardinal was asked the question he didn’t ever really answer specifically with a yes or no. I believe he said something like ” we didn’t discuss it”.

  • Patricia schy

    I too have witnessed the abuse of people extending the pic to take to someone at home, but stops off for breakfast or somewhere else the priest should instruct the person about this, I myself told Father about this but as yet he has done nothing, I’m not in favor of this being done on a daily bases, but only once in a while, Years ago, this was never allowed, there is just too many abuses bein done & it should stop

  • Joseph Maria

    There is a rector in a diocese in the USA who appears to detests Catholics receiving Holy Communion on the tongue
    When this rector gives Holy Communion, always with lay Holy Communions ministers helping so that there is no priest except this rector for the faithful to receive Holy Communion from and there are 3 other priests and a bishop in the adjacent rectory. No other priest ever comes over to help with Holy Communion.
    All these priests and the bishop give Holy Communion in the usual and normal way without the thumb or finger ever touching the communicants tongue.
    This rector puts his thumb under the Holy Host and rubs his thumb against the top of the faithful Catholics’ tongue.
    This rector often has salvia on his thumb making it most unsanitary

    if a person kneels down to receive Holy Communion from this rector, it seems to cause him to increase his thumb’s activity
    Surely this is a offence against Jesus and the communicant
    The bishop is the same bishop that I have heard that suppressed the Latin Mass at a local Catholic college that is
    now closed
    Although some of the faithful are personally aware of this rector’s behavior and have mentioned it to the bishop
    or his staff it may be that the bishop is not fully aware of the seriousness of this act against Jesus and the faithful
    A simple solution would be to have one of the other priests or the bishop help with Holy Communion

  • Patricia schy

    It was good to read so many people in favor of receiving our Lord on the tongue, never in the hand, This is such an abuse that never should have happened. I look forward to the day when this Pope. Will take a stand on this what is he waiting for? Benedict would have done this if he Haden,t retired he was against this, let’s all pray for this to happen soon lets go back to our true Catholic roots where was more respect for the Lord

  • Gloria

    I am smiling ! So persons are looking at these things? Every thing is modern these days, I know to receive on the tongue, Amen

  • Cathy

    I am old school in that the reverence parish members had for the Church and Holy Orders is lost since Vatican 2. I believe woman should dress modestly and cover their head in reverence. I believe the Host should not be touched by any hands other the Priest. The Host is the Lord and no person should touch his body unless they have received holy orders. Hands other then A Priest or Deacon to me are unclean. It thus follows taking Communion in the hand is putting the body of our Lord in hands the are impure. I have observed woman in church wear short shorts and sleeveless blouses without straps. I also miss the Mass in Latin which was the language of the church. Again this is my opinion.

  • Dave Wygonowski

    I have witnessed several people drop the Holy Eucharist. The current day church of nice modernization is leading us all in the wrong direction. Our faith is based on over 2000 years of tradition. Communion in the hand was a result of rebellious and disobedient clergy, in the late 60s, in Holland and Belgium and spread like wild fire by other disobedient clergy around the world, totally against the will of the Holy Father and a majority of the Bishops. We need to return to our true roots of our faith and practice, Holy Communion on the tongue while kneeling, with total reverence for the true Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, as was practiced for centuries…

    The below links are from a website a friend referred to me. They provide so much wonderful information that both confirms many things I already knew as well as opened my eyes to so many more things that we are not taught about our faith. I encourage everyone to view the links below as well as all the content on the http://www.churchmilitant.tv web site. There is no sugar coating of the facts on this web site, completely based on research and documentation.

    Sleight of Hand – Reception Deception.
    http://www.churchmilitant.tv/video1/shrd-2014-05-25.mp4
    http://www.churchmilitant.tv/video1/shrd-2014-06-01.mp4

    God bless and love all…

  • Rita

    I am an extraordinary minister and give out only the Precious Blood of Our Lord. When it comes time to receive the body of Christ the priest places the host in our hands and we have to hold Our Lord until the priest receives the body & blood first. Is this an abuse or not? Also, what if I want to receive the body of Our Lord on the tongue, how can I do this while all have the host in their hands. I am going to do what I think is correct and not serve as an extraordinary minister.

  • Jess

    I have seen people chatting on their way back to their pew while the Body of Christ is still in their mouths. I have seen people waving at friends while in the communion line. Lord have mercy on us.

  • Gerard Niles

    I have never and will NEVER receive Holy Communion in my hand
    I think its TOTAL LACK OF REVERANCE AND DISRESPECT

  • Edward

    Thanks for writing this article it was very informative. I will be more aware of myself now when I am receiving the host.

  • I am an extra ordinary minister of Communion. I don’t like doing that, but the local bishop gave priests permission. My objection to Communion in the hand are the tiny pieces one can’t see that are dropped or abused unbeknownst to the person receiving. I truly feel that once all people have to receive Communion on the tongue, many problems in the Church will disappear.

  • Cathy Huppert

    People use the Last Supper scenario as a “green light” for receiving the Blessed Sacrament in the Hand because Jesus handed it to His Disciples and told the to TAKE AND EAT…yes He did….but He had made His Disciples PRIESTS at that Last Supper. They were not lay people anymore. Their hands were consecrated.

    I do think for myself and if you LOOK, READ, STUDY the Early Church Fathers, the ones who were taught by these same MEN who were made Priests at the Last Supper, you’d also see the Sacredness of this Sacrament. Thinking for yourself without being taught the Truth is dangerous. I can believe that a dog has 5 legs, believe it with my whole being, but it doesn’t change FACTs that a dog’s tail is not a leg, even though I may believe it. We have to be taught the truth, then it is up to us to follow it, freely, without reservation, or remain in the dark…

  • Cathy Huppert

    Most people receive The Blessed Sacrament on the tongue at my Parish…and we have the option of kneeling at the Communion Rail (yes, we still have one!) We have 2 Priests who give Communion at every Mass…NEVER use Extraordinary Ministers…no need when we have priests. I occasionally have to attend Mass at a different Parish (trust me, it IS a penance!) and am horrified to see the irreverence for the Blessed Sacrament…and I refused to allow a laywoman to “bless” my 5 year old son…when I went up to receive Communion…I could not get through the “usher blockade” to “jump” the aisle and make to to a Priest to receive Our Lord…

  • LoveGodAndAsHeLoves

    So I wonder why a good holy priest cares about Jesus and that is not understood?
    If a good holy priest makes an observation, listen to him!
    This “Communion in the hand” is a problem and he explains why and he is treated just like he says Jesus is being treated.
    Lord have mercy.

  • Ed Deppert

    I have witnessed Eucharist Ministers “re-communicating” members of their family when all the Precious Blood was not consumed.

    I have witnessed Eucharist Ministers “blessing” children prior to receiving Holy Communion…

    • AA Cunningham

      “I have witnessed Eucharist Ministers(sic)” Ed Deppert

      As the document that Father Lankeit referenced; Redemptionis Sacramentum, explains, only a validly ordained Priest may be referred to as a Eucharistic Minister since only a validly ordained Priest can confect the Eucharist. The term you need to use is extraordinary minister of Holy Communion.

      1. The Extraordinary Minister of Holy Communion

      [154.] As has already been recalled, “the only minister who can confect the Sacrament of the Eucharist in persona Christi is a validly ordained Priest”.[254] Hence the name “minister of the Eucharist” belongs properly to the Priest alone. Moreover, also by reason of their sacred Ordination, the ordinary ministers of Holy Communion are the Bishop, the Priest and the Deacon,[255] to whom it belongs therefore to administer Holy Communion to the lay members of Christ’s faithful during the celebration of Mass. In this way their ministerial office in the Church is fully and accurately brought to light, and the sign value of the Sacrament is made complete.

      [158.] Indeed, the extraordinary minister of Holy Communion may administer Communion only when the Priest and Deacon are lacking, when the Priest is prevented by weakness or advanced age or some other genuine reason, or when the number of faithful coming to Communion is so great that the very celebration of Mass would be unduly prolonged.[259] This, however, is to be understood in such a way that a brief prolongation, considering the circumstances and culture of the place, is not at all a sufficient reason.

  • Brendan Ahearne

    As for receiving from the Chalice, only once could a lay person receive, when they were being married. Or in the event of a serious illness where reception of the Host was impossible. God forgive the Church for all these abuses which were allowed to filter in by trendy priests and bishops.

  • Brendan Ahearne

    Never ever have I received Communion in the hand I was told in school back in the 50’s to touch the Host with unconsecrated hands was a sacrilege! And still is. i have seen people take the Host and stick it in their pockets, drop it on the ground and in most churches Hosts are found stuck under the pews as chewing gum. How sad the profanation of Our Lord’s Body. It makes me physically cry to see these abuses.

  • Stacey

    @ikb, I’ve been told that it is okay to receive communion twice in one day as long as you attend a full mass each time.

  • Bill

    This whole issue is rather silly. Those who want to receive Holy Communion should stick out their tongue when they get to the Priest and those who want receive it with their hands should hold out their hands. Neither side should force their way on the other side.

  • Questions for Anne and Mary.

    First, for Anne. Where in the documents of Vatican 2 does it declare that Holy Communion is to be received in our hands? I would really appreciate it if you could tell which document has that information.

    Mary, where did you find that information about how Holy Communion was distributed in the early Church? Also, what else happened at the Last Supper? Jesus ordained the disciples. If they took Jesus in their hands, it is certainly different from a lay person taking Jesus into their hands.

    God bless you.

  • mary eberhardt

    At the first Eucharist on the night before He died, Jesus gave His disciples His body and His blood, and they took and ate WITH THEIR HANDS. In the early years of the Church that was the way it was, the Bread of HIs Body was distributed and eaten NOT placed on the tongue of the communicant.

    I rest my case. I am GRATEFUL to humbly receive this Food which i my savior and extend my hands to receive THE GIFT.
    THANK YOU JESUS. And may it ever be so.

  • Gertrude

    This was what I was told by a Catholic priest during a class for catholic adults in my diocese. In any case where the consecrated host becomes corrupted due to ignorance, neglect, carelessness, or by any accident, Christ vacates the sacrament.

  • Stephen Bennett

    I have a question concerning this subject on abuses of Communion that I’ve kept in the back of my mind for over 20 years:I was a sacrestant in a parish in California and I would clean up the sacristy along with other duties;extraordinary minister of the Holy Eucharist at the Alter and to the local hospital.One day I was cleaning up around the Alter and looked at the alter itself.The light was hitting it just right and I saw that it was covered with very small fragments of the Host,then I reasoned that if the priests were doing this when THEY handled our Lord,what was happening with the people handling Him when they received communion in the hand?? So I got on my hands and knees and closely examined the carpet,and sure enough–fragments all over the place.Well,these are vacumed up on a regular basis,also,what about the alter cloth being coated with all those fragments,what happens there??Are these abuses??It seemed to me at the time that Jesus is being trod upon under our feet daily in our Churches!! What do you say concerning this?

  • jean

    I was receiving on the tongue until the concecrated host was dropped by the priest and the Deacon (two seperate occasions). Rather than let that happen again to Our Lord, I reverted to receiving on the hand. It is not my fault if no one provides, or is allowed to provide a patten.
    I later kissed the floor where Jesus had fallen in reparation for these accidents. If we see abuses, it is important to make an act of reparation for our brothers/sisters in Christ, as they would for us.

  • Bill

    What in the world is Pablo talking about?

  • Anne,
    In all charity, exactly which “decrees of Vatican 2” are you talkking about?
    Also, it seems interesting that on one hand, you appear to desire us to follow the “decrees of Vatican 2” and then, on the other hand, you are decrying what you see as Pharisaic adheasion to “rules and regulations.”
    Would you mind clarifying your position a little for those of us who lack understanding?

    Pax Christi.

  • Holy Communion Profanations.

    Seems like one profanation was omitted.

    The biggest profanation is recieving in the name, followed closely by:

    Are you a member of the Freemason Lodge?

    Do you work in the Bishop’s Office?

    His Eminence Bishop Olmstead needs to boot the Freemason’s from the Diocese Office and the Parishes under his jurisdiction.

    *

  • Anne

    When Jesus instituted the sacrament of the Eucharist he invited ALL present to take his body and blood, even Judas who he knew was about to betray Him. He “broke” the bread, it wasn’t divided into neat partitions, and gave it to the disciples, presumeably in their hands. Are the decrees of Vatican 2 just suggestions or were they implemented with the full power of the Pope and Cardinals? I’m wondering if “courageous” priests consider themselves above the teachings of Vatican 2? Jesus became angry with the Pharisees for being more concerned with “rules and regulations” than with loving and caring for the people. I see lots of this happening in the church today. How sad.

  • Bill

    You people have lost sight of what religion is all about. In my view,at least, religion is a vehicle to help you gain communion with God. Religion is not an end in itself. I don’t believe Jesus is even remotely concerned about the mode it which Holy Communions is taken or even who distributes it. Other than on the abortion issue, I rarely see commentary on this site about the social teachings of the Catholic Church. What’s next, the number of angels on the head of a pin?

    In regard to V2. V2 created an environment where people were expected to think for themselves. That concept is very frightening for people not used to such activity.

  • Mary Alice

    http://www.motherteresa.org/08_info/ReceivingC.html this corrects what I already said about receiving in the hand…

  • Molly

    What I don’t understand is why we have Extra-Ordinary Eucharistic Ministers in the first place. Growing up in the ’70, when churches were still packed for all masses…and people moved over in the pew to let you in (didn’t get up, then let you in as in a Movie Theater), ONLY the priest gave out communion and it was always received on the tongue. Today, rarely do I find a Mass full, but there are always plenty of EM. It’s a system whose time has passed. There are enough priests, just not enough strong priests.

    • Kimberly

      Though I agree that many parishes don’t need EMs, my parish does. We seat 900 and usually have another 100 people standing at Mass. We have 5 Masses each Sunday & a Saturday night Mass and though I can’t vouch for every service, I know at least 2 of the Masses are this full every week. I don’t look at a clock during Mass, but I do know we sing 2 full songs during Communion – and that’s with 8 EMs assisting our Pastor with Hosts and another 7 with Chalices. I can’t imagine how long Communion would last if he had to serve all 1000+ attendees himself. And, amazingly, very few people leave after Communion; the majority of those who leave are in the pews, and not the ones standing at the back. Now, if only we could get everyone to receive reverently… on the hand or tongue, but reverently!

  • Bill, if this is “the most irrelavant issue ever taken on on this website” I look forward to reading more articles here.
    We can never give Our Blessed Lord enough honour, worship or glory, but that some people refuse to try speaks volumes about the state of souls.

    Kyrie eleison.

  • Monica

    I continue to be amazed that people continue to believe that the V2 church is in any way valid. There is no dress code . . . .

    ________
    edited for charity’s sake

  • Bill

    This is probably the most irrelevant issue ever taken on on this website.

  • BRIAN

    Unfortunately it appears that Fr. Lankeit’s instruction was only a recommendation and not an outright prohibition on receiving in the hands. I think it’s also contradictory to issue a recommendation of this sort without following up with the abolition of lay extraordinary ministers of the Eucharist as appears to be the case in watching a recent televised Mass at the Cathedral with Fr. Lankeit.

  • Wow, can we borrow Fr. Lankeit for a few decades? The lack of reverence is so pronounced in my parish that I fear many there do not believe in the Real Presence at all. We need priests like him to take the situation in hand.

  • ikb

    This touches a nerve with me. What about people who ‘think’ they are last in line for the precious blood, receive the cup, turn and look behind them and consume the rest of the precious blood? I have had several occasions where they weren’t the last in line and others needed the precious blood in other longer lines. Last week I told a man not to do this and he told me “Don’t tell me that I can’t do this”. What is my line of defense as a minister of the cup? Also, in the same vein, about people who attend one mass at 7 am at one church and the same day are at another mass at 9 am, different church, same liturgy. Is this an abuse? Please help me here. Do I go to both pastors with my concerns? Thank you

    • Rev. Nicholas Middleton-Ensign

      You brought up an interesting point about the last person in line. Respectively, there is not a biblical or doctrinal reason that the last person should not consume the remaining Blood of Christ. However, a priest or bishop may ask that a person not consume the entirety of the precious Blood. Your line of defense might be, “There are still others in line waiting to receive the precious Body and Blood, if you consume all the Blood there will not be any precious Blood for the others.”

      On the other question, it is not an abuse to recieve the most precious Eucharist more than one per day. A person can theoretically receive the Eucharist as many times a day as they attend mass or communion service.

      I am unsure if it would be an abuse to recieve multiple times at the same mass, based on the Celebrant often receives multiple times per mass (fractured and crumbs of Hosts, Hosts that have fallen to the floor, and the precious Blood during the cleaning of the sacred Chalice).

  • R.L.K.

    I have attended Mass at many parishes that use a large host for Consecration and then break the host multiple times. Due to the physical properties of the host, small fragments are introduced into the patten and become attached (statically) to the other hosts. When the priest/Eucharistic minister lifts the Eucharist in the air to hand Him to me (on the tongue) the motion causes small fragments of Our Lord fall to the ground. I have witnessed this on four occasions in the last year, and after Mass I went to look for the small fragments of Our Lord on the ground but was unable to find Them. On two other occasions, priests with rather large bellies were handing me the Eucharist and I noticed that small fragments of Our Lord were resting on their bellies. It sounds funny but is definitely a profanation, and it should be taken seriously. It likely happens anywhere and everywhere the “16-piece” host (or larger) is used. This can be prevented by disallowing the large host that is broken multiple times and by using the smaller host for Consecration and only breaking it once or twice. This was brought to the attention of the bishop but he shrugged it off as no big deal; he did, however, acknowledge that the small fragments that fell to the ground were in fact Our Lord. “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”

  • Cathy

    My mother and my sister attended Mass at a church where the Precious Body and Blood of Christ were abandoned by the priest and deacons during the sign of peace so that they could participate in this part of the mass with the laity. The sign of peace turned into musical chairs with people leaving their seats and crossing the aisles to meet and shake hands. Also, I find it remarkable that when the Precious Blood is offered, how many pass by without receiving and without acknowledgment of Our Lord’s presence. As well, I have seen Extraordinary Ministers lay hands on children too young to receive and babies in the arms of their parents.

  • Anne

    I saw a 11 or 12 year old boy receive in the hand and not consume, I got up from prayer and went to his pew and told him he had to consume our Lord and when he finally did, he had to take the gum out of his mouth first! Another time a Eucharistic Minister handed the Host off to a man in the front row beside me and Jesus tumbled to the floor and the minister just walked away. Two weeks ago a man handed our Lord to a young girl behind him after receiving on the hand. My son has seen many hosts dropped all the altar while serving and nothing is done about the pieces of the Host left behind on the floor. My family and I would stop receiving Communion before we would take on the hand. My daughter has been asked to be a Eucharistic Minister and I told the deacon that I would not give her that accountability.

  • FloridaJohn

    In the parish I attend, some of the Ministers of Holy Communion (lay people) when distributing the Host, make the sign of the cross and then give the person Communion. As you quoted above:’The act of blessing with the Eucharist is called “Benediction” and is reserved to clergy.’ Some of these lay ministers also bless those who come up with their hands folded in a sign that they aren’t able to receive Holy Communion. It seems clericalism reigns!

    • Rev. Nicholas Middleton-Ensign

      Eucharistic Ministers are allowed to bless a person unable to receive communion, only by either making the sign of the cross over them or placing their hand on them, saying, “God bless you.”

  • Edward

    This is the first time I saw your site. I viewed the names of the “Priests We Follow”. How many of the Abps and Cardinals actively and publically promote the “CATECHISM of the CATHOLIC CHURCH, Second Edition” for all Catholics over age 15 in the USA? I know for a fact since I have been in contact with some of them, that some do and some do not. Their Diocese and Parish web sites are telling. Your header: ‘Because Souls Parish for the lack of Knowledge” is most appropriate.

    I already have been receiving on the tongue.

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